These are the plugins I install with clean install, just one command using wp cli.
Classic editors for widgets and posts (because Guttenberg is awful). One plugin against spam, plugin for opening external links in new window and Yoast SEO (because AIOSEO is garbage). You probably don’t need anything else in the beginning.
In the end I enable auto updates.
wp plugin install classic-widgets classic-editor antispam-bee open-external-links-in-a-new-window wordpress-seo --activate && wp plugin auto-updates enable --all